Glossary

Glossary

Acrostic
A poem in which the first letter of each verse follows the order of letters in the Hebrew alphabet
Apostrophe
A figure of speech in which the writer addresses someone absent as though present and capable of responding
Beatitude
A declaration of supreme blessedness or happiness
Imprecatory
Imprecatory poems are those which invoke curses upon enemies
Inclusio
A repeated phrase or line that stands at the beginning and end of a poetic unit (stanza or poem) (DOTWPW)
Lament
A lament is a poem that defines a crises and invokes God for help (LSB)
Maskil
to give instruction
Messiah
The anointed one, the great deliverer promised by God in the Old Testament
Messianic
An Old Testament text of prophetic predictions related to the Messiah
Metaphor
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a likeness or analogy between them (MWCD)
Miktam
Literally means permanent and pictures that which is steadfast and unmovable (TTB)
Ode
a lyric poem usually marked by exaltation of feeling and style, varying length of line, and complexity of stanza forms (MWCD)
Parallelism
Two or more poetic lines that form a pattern based on repetition or balance of thought and grammar and/or syntax (LSB)
Personification
A figure of speech in which human attributes are given to something nonhuman
Proverb
A short, memorable statement giving insight into life
Selah
meditate on this
Simile
a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that is often introduced by like or as (MWCD)
Zion
refers to Jerusalem, where the temple was located